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Thiamin - Vitamin B1

Thiamine is also known as Vitamin B1. Thiamine-rich food include meat (pork, beef, organ meats), nuts, seeds, eggs, fruits (e.g. orange, apple), and vegetables (e.g. black beans, squash).

Health Functions
Thiamine is required in energy metabolism and the functions of the cell. Thiamine is stored in the liver, but it has a short half-life. Thus, thiamine must be continuously obtained from the diet. Eighty percent (80%) of thiamine in the body is in the form of thiamine diphosphate (TDP) while the rest is free thiamine. TDP is a necessary cofactor in the metabolism of amino acids, lipids, and glucose.

Disease Risk Reduction
Thiamine is known to help improve symptoms of metabolic (e.g. Leigh’s disease) and brain disorders (e.g. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome), heart disease, and glaucoma. It is also a potential treatment for dysmenorrhea, kidney disease, motion sickness, and cataracts. It also helps strengthen the immune system.

Groups at Risk
People who are at risk for thiamine deficiency include people with alcohol dependence, diabetes, bariatric surgery (weight loss), and also the elderly. Symptoms of thiamine deficiency include insomnia, dizziness, nausea, and fatigue, among others.

Intake Recommendations
The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for thiamine is 1.0-1.3 milligrams for adults. Thiamine deficiency can cause anorexia, beriberi, weight loss, and short-term memory loss.

7D VARIETY Recommendations
A cup of Energy Dates can provide you 7% of the daily recommended intake for thiamine. Other food items that are high in thiamine include meat, whole grains, and fish. However, heating food can reduce thiamine content. 7D VARIETY recommends you to consume Energy Dates to contribute to your daily thiamine intake since it does not require further heating; thus preventing the reduction of thiamine content.